NATIVE PLANTS CONSERVATION
Among the total number of 300-350, 000 flowering plants about 70, 000 species are used in folk medicines but according to the WHO reports over 21,000 plant taxa used for medicinal purposes .India is the oldest, richest and most diverse cultural traditions in the use of medicinal plants, about 7,500 species are used in ethno medicines which is half of the country’s 17,000 Indian native plant species. In China, the total number of medicinal plants used in different parts of the country add up to some 6,000 species of these, approximately 1,000 plant species are commonly used in Chinese medicine, and about half of these are considered as the main medicinal plants. In Africa, over 5,000 plant species are known to be used for medicinal purposes and in Europe, about 2,000 medicinal and aromatic plant species are used on a commercial basis. In Germany, identified not less than 1,500 taxa as sources of medicinal and aromatic plant material. In Spain, it is estimated that 800 medicinal and aromatic plant species are used of which 450 species are associated with commercial use. Herbs used in a country can be either indigenous or native to other regions or even continents.
The share of both plant groups depends on the country’s cultural preferences, importance of traditional medicines, history, trade relations, and of course of the wealth or poverty of a country. Traditional medicines are playing an important role in many parts of the world. In south and Southeast Asia, the Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha medicines are widely distributed and based on not less than 400, 500 respective 1,800 native Indian plant species. Unfortunately, threats facing medicinal and aromatic plants and their wild population due to intensive and increasing commercial collection concentrated in few areas, unmonitored trade, destructive harvesting techniques, and global habitat loss.
The utilization of botanicals raises questions about the environmental implications of the practice on wild populations, species and the ecosystems from which they are sourced. there is no idea how many species are used in the other areas of use, like cosmetics, spirits or aromas which makes determining exactly the number of all medicinal and aromatic plant species used worldwide impossible. So we are working on medicinal and aromatic plants conservation network, open to all, join us in helping to save the world and national threatened and endangered medicinal and aromatic and other plants species of economic importance.